Applications of sheet lead

MedirayTM mentions the various industries where lead sheets are widely used for accomplishing their radiation safety needs and requirements.

Applications of Lead Counterweights

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Lead Sheets

Lead is a material used in everyday life all over the world. It comes in many different sizes and shapes depending on its use. Its versatility and protective qualities make it a material in high demand.

Though all different forms of lead materials can be of great use to a number of industries, the most common and useful form of lead is the lead sheet.

Lead sheets are an important product, most of the time made from pure lead. These sheets have great importance in chemical and radiation related industries, as lead metal is highly resistant against a wide variety of chemicals, as well as x-rays and gamma rays. Lead sheets are built into walls of doctor’s offices, hospitals, and laboratories, as well as storage containers and aprons, to protect both doctors and patients from the harmful radiation and contamination associated with the medical field.

Lead sheets that are used in chemical, medical, and building related industries are generally either made from pure lead, or a mixture called lead-antimonial alloy. Calcium-lead and calcium-lead-tin are also suitable combinations for many applications of lead sheets as well.

As you can imagine, the benefits of lead sheets are considerable. For one, lead is a rugged, flexible, and long lasting material, that has considerable aesthetic appeal. Due to its benefits, lead is gaining great popularity in a number of industries.  For example, the roofing business no longer considers lead use for traditional applications such as churches and historic buildings. Architects have been won over by the attractive and long lasting properties of lead sheets for modern buildings, both for roofing and the vertical cladding of external walls.

The high density and limpness of lead sheets make lead a very effective material for reducing the transmission of noise through partitions and doors of lightweight construction. Often the lead sheets are bonded to plywood or other building boards for convenience of handling. Current developments include employing lead sheets for the reduction of industrial noise, and from engines of all sorts. A particular advantage to this use of lead sheets is that the high density of the material creates a need for relatively thin layers to suppress the transmission of sound.

Are you looking for the highest quality lead materials for your home or business? Contact Medi-RayTM today, to choose from our wide variety of lead products of only the highest quality.

Lead Radiation Shielding

Lead Radiation Shielding

Radiation has wide ranging uses in day-to-day life. In medicine, there are many uses for radiation like x-ray, mammography, computerized tomography (CT), cardiology and nuclear medicine. Treatment of disease or cancer by chemotherapy uses radiation.
The wide ranging use of radiation in medicine poses the challenge of shielding radiation exposure to parts of the body other than where where it is intended. Also, doctors, relatives and friends of patients or others who have to be associated with the place where radiation is exposed or radioactive materials are stored or transported need to be protected as well.

Lead Shielding
Lead has long been recognized as a highly effective material in providing protection from various sources of radiation, and as such, has become a standard in the design of radiation protection systems. Lead shielding refers to the use of lead to shield people or objects from unintended radiation. Lead can effectively contain certain kinds of radiation because of its high density and high atomic number; principally, it is effective at stopping alpha rays, gamma rays, and x-rays.

Why Does Lead Work for Radiation Shielding?
Lead has high density, a result of the combination of its high atomic mass and the relatively small size of its bond lengths and atomic radius. The high atomic mass means that more electrons are needed to maintain a neutral charge and the small bond length and a small atomic radius means that many atoms can be packed into a particular lead structure. Because of lead’s density and large number of electrons, it is well suited for scattering x-rays and gamma-rays. These rays form photons, a type of boson, which impart energy onto electrons when they come into contact.
Lead is used for shielding in
•    X-ray machines
•    Nuclear power plants
•    Labs using radioactive materials
•    Hospitals

There are also a variety of shielding products used to protect people, shield equipment and experiments, such as:

•    lead aprons
•    thyroid shields
•    lead gloves
•    lead bricks
•    leaded glass
•    leaded glass sheets
•    lead clad building material
•    lead laminated panels
•    lead sheets
•    lead foils

Summary:
•    Lead has long been recognized as a highly effective material in providing protection from various sources of radiation, and as such, has become a standard in the design of radiation protection systems. Lead shielding refers to the use of lead to shield people or objects from unintended radiation.